Recapitulative haematopoietic development of human pluripotent stem cells in the absence of exogenous haematopoietic cytokines
【Abstract】 To improve the recapitulative quality of human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) differentiation, we removed exogenous haematopoietic cytokines from the defined differentiation system. Here, we show that endogenous stimuli and VEGF are sufficient to induce robust hPSC-derived haematopoiesis, intensive generation of haematopoietic progenitors, maturation of blood cells and the emergence of definitive precursor cells including those that phenotypically identical to early human embryonic haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Moreover, the cytokine-free system produces significantly higher numbers of haematopoietic progenitors compared to the published protocols. The removal of cytokines revealed a broad developmental potential of the early blood cells, stabilized the hPSC-derived definitive precursors and led to spontaneous activation of inflammatory signalling. Our cytokine-free protocol is simple, efficient, reproducible and applicable for embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced PSCs. The spectrum of recapitulative features of the novel protocol makes the cytokine-free differentiation a preferred model for studying the early human haematopoietic development.
【Author】 Elena S. Philonenko, Ying Tan, Cuihua Wang, Baoyun Zhang, Zahir Shah, Jianguang Zhang, Hanif Ullah, Sergei L. Kiselev, Maria A. Lagarkova, Dandan Li, Yong Dai, Igor M. Samokhvalov
【Keywords】 haematopoiesis, haematopoietic stem cells, human haematopoietic development, human pluripotent stem cells, inflammation
【Journal】 Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine(IF：4.7) Time：2021-08-04