Mechanics of Total Drum Replacement Tympanoplasty Studied With Wideband Acoustic Immittance
【Abstract】 'Poor hearing outcomes often persist following total drum replacement tympanoplasty. To understand the mechanics of the reconstructed eardrum, we measured wideband acoustic immittance and compared the mechanical characteristics of fascia-grafted ears with the normal tympanic membrane.', 'Prospective comparison study.', 'Tertiary care center.', 'Patients who underwent uncomplicated total drum replacement with temporalis fascia grafts were identified. Ears with healed grafts, an aerated middle ear, and no other conductive abnormalities were included. All patients underwent pre- and postoperative audiometry. Wideband acoustic immittance was measured with absorbance and impedance computed. Fascia-grafted ears were compared with normal unoperated ears.', 'Eleven fascia-grafted ears without complications were included. Postoperatively, the median air-bone gap was 15 dB (250-4000 Hz), with variation across frequency and between ears. Fifty-six control ears were included. Absorbance of fascia-grafted ears was significantly lower than that of normal ears at 1 to 4 kHz (P < .05) but similar below 1 kHz. Impedance magnitude demonstrated deeper and sharper resonant notches in fascia-grafted ears than normal ears (P < .05), suggesting lower mechanical resistance of the fascia graft.', 'The mechanics of fascia-grafted ears differ from the normal tympanic membrane by having lower absorbance at mid- to high frequencies and thus poor sound transmission. The lower resistance in fascia-grafted ears may be due to poor coupling of the graft to the malleus. To improve sound transmission, grafts for tympanic membrane reconstructions would benefit from refined mechanical properties.'
【Author】 Kristine Elisabeth Eberhard, Salwa Fatima Masud, Inge M. Knudson, Keshinisuthan Kirubalingam, Hamza Khalid, Aaron K. Remenschneider, Hideko Heidi Nakajima
【Keywords】 tympanoplasty,total drum replacement,wideband acoustic immittance,conductive hearing loss,reflectance,absorbance,fascia graft
【Journal】 Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery(IF：1) Time：2021-07-22