Preliminary Validation of a Continuum Model for Dimple Patterns on Polyethylene Naphthalate via Ar Ion Beam Sputtering
【Abstract】 This work reports the self-organization of dimple nanostructures on a polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) surface where an Ar ion beam was irradiated at an ion energy of 600 eV. The peak-to-peak roughness and diameter of dimple nanostructures were 29.1~53.4 nm and 63.4~77.6 nm, respectively. The electron energy loss spectrum at the peaks and troughs of dimples showed similar C=C, C=O, and O=CH bonding statuses. In addition, wide-angle X-ray scattering showed that Ar ion beam irradiation did not induce crystallization of the PEN surface. That meant that the self-organization on the PEN surface could be due to the ion-induced surface instability of the amorphous layer and not due to the partial crystallinity differences of the peaks and valleys. A nonlinear continuum model described surface instability due to Ar ion-induced sputtering. The Kuramoto–Sivashinsky model reproduced the dimple morphologies numerically, which was similar to the experimentally observed dimple patterns. This preliminary validation showed the possibility that the continuum equation used for metal and semiconductor surfaces could be applied to polymer surfaces where ion beam sputtering occurred.
【Author】 Jun-Yeong Yang, Sunghoon Jung, Eun-Yeon Byeon, Hyun Hwi Lee, Do-Geun Kim, Hyo Jung Kim, Ho Won Jang, Seunghun Lee
【Journal】 Polymers(IF：3.2) Time：2021-06-11