Sorting or mixing? Multi‐track and single‐track schools and social inequalities in a differentiated educational system
【Abstract】 In the Dutch stratified secondary educational system, schools vary in how many tracks are offered. While the tendency in the Netherlands is for schools to become smaller, a relevant policy question is whether multi‐track school settings promote equality of educational opportunity. Comparing single‐track schools at the pre‐university and pre‐vocational levels with multi‐track schools offering the same exams, and using relative geographical distance as an instrument of school choice, the analyses showed that single‐track pre‐university schools enhance the probability of obtaining a pre‐university diploma without delay, but more strongly so for students from disadvantaged backgrounds (who have a lower chance of going to such schools). The single‐track pre‐vocational schools were associated with a lower likelihood of achieving a diploma at a level higher than pre‐vocational education. Multi‐track schools within a varied system will not automatically enhance equal opportunities, as middle‐class children will also benefit from the additional options that multi‐track schools provide.
【Author】 Herman G. van de Werfhorst
【Keywords】 differentiation, educational inequality, social class, the Netherlands, tracking
【Journal】 British Educational Research Journal(IF：1.4) Time：2021-05-04