Spherical solutions of the Schrödinger-Poisson system with core-tail structure

【Abstract】
We construct spherically symmetric equilibrium solutions of the Schršdinger-Poisson (SP) system of equations with a core-tail structure that could serve as models of fuzzy dark matter (FDM) halos. The core is assumed to be a solitonic ground state equilibrium configuration of the SP equations, and the tail is integrated from a transition radius onwards. The total mass of the system parametrizes the family of solutions and constrains the tail density profile. The tail has a radial velocity profile, whereas the core is stationary. We investigate the evolution of these equilibrium configurations and find that the tail initially perturbs the core, and consequently, the whole solution oscillates around a virialized solution that we call “relaxed,” whose average also has a core-tail structure. We measure the departure of the relaxed configuration from the equilibrium solution in order to estimate the utility of the latter. We also find that the core-halo scaling relation of equilibrium configurations has an exponent α=1/3, whereas relaxed configurations exhibit a scaling with α=0.54.

【Author】
Iván Álvarez-Rios, Francisco S. Guzmán

【Journal】
Physical Review D(IF：4.4) Time：2023-09-20