Targeted protein degradation using intracellular antibodies and its application to neurodegenerative disease
【Abstract】 Antibodies mediate the majority of their effects in the extracellular domain, or in intracellular compartments isolated from the cytosol. Under a growing list of circumstances, however, antibodies are found to gain access to the cytoplasm. Cytosolic immune complexes are bound by the atypical antibody receptor TRIM21, which mediates the rapid degradation of the immune complexes at the proteasome. These discoveries have informed the development of TRIM-Away, a technique to selectively deplete proteins using delivery of antibodies into cells. A range of related approaches that elicit selective protein degradation using intracellular constructs linking antibody fragments to degradative effector functions have also been developed. These methods hold promise for inducing the degradation of proteins as both research tools and as a novel therapeutic approach. Protein aggregates are a pathophysiological feature of neurodegenerative diseases and are considered to have a causal role in pathology. Immunotherapy is emerging as a promising route towards their selective targeting, and a role of antibodies in the cytosol has been demonstrated in cell-based assays. This review will explore the mechanisms by which therapeutic antibodies engage and eliminate intracellularly aggregated proteins. We will discuss how future developments in intracellular antibody technology may enhance the therapeutic potential of such antibody-derived therapies.
【Author】 Jonathan A.Benn, Aamir S.Mukadam, William A.McEwan
【Keywords】 Antibodies, TRIM21, Protein degradation, Neurodegenerative diseases, scFvs, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, Trim-Away, ADIN
【Journal】 Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology(IF：6.6) Time：2021-10-14