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The aggregation behaviour and mechanism of commercial graphene oxide in surface aquatic environments
【Abstract】 Ca2+ in natural water has mainly interaction with C − COOH, while Mg2+ has more effect on the C − OH. Na+ has less effect on the oxygen containing function groups but decrease the C/O ratio. Aggregation is induced mainly by Ca2+, While Na+ plays a more important role than Mg2+ in inducing the aggregation via electric double layer suppression. In this study, we comprehensively and critically discuss the aggregation mechanism of commercial graphene oxide (CGO) in surface aquatic environments. The aggregation kinetics and critical coagulation concentration of CGO were obtained through time-resolved dynamic light scattering and batch techniques over a wide range of water types. By employing transmission electron microscopy and elemental mapping, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we studied the effects of cations in natural waters on the microstructure transformation, element content and distribution, and oxygen-containing functional group vibrations of CGO. The aggregation of CGO in natural water is induced mainly by Ca2+ by complexing; Na+, with a higher concentration, plays a more important role than Mg2+ in inducing aggregation via electric double layer suppression. Ca2+ mainly interacts with C − COOH, while Mg2+ has a greater effect on C − OH. Na+ has less effect on the oxygen-containing functional group but decreases the C/O ratio in contrast with Mg2+/Ca2+/natural water, indicating the different inducing mechanisms. This study looks forward to providing pivotal knowledge to predict the environmental fate of CGO more accurately in natural surface water. Download : Download high-res image (198KB)Download : Download full-size image
【Author】 YangGaoabc, XinZengabc, WeiZhangabc, LeanZhouabc, WenjingXued, MeiyiTange, ShiquanSunabc
【Keywords】 Commercial graphene oxide, Xiangjiang River, Complex cationic conditions, Aggregation mechanism
【Journal】 Science of The Total Environment(IF:5.6) Time:2021-10-14
【DOI】 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150942 [Quote]
【Link】 Article PDF
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