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A Modeling Study of an Atmospheric Bore Associated With a Nocturnal Convective System Over China


Bores have been shown to play a role in the initiation and maintenance of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), particularly during the night after the boundary layer stabilizes. To date, the generation, evolution, and structure of bores over China has received little attention. This study utilizes observations and simulations with the WRF‐ARW model to investigate the generation and evolution of an atmospheric bore observed over Yangtze‐Huai Plains of China. The bore was associated with a nocturnal MCS that first formed over elevated terrain. The bore was observed ahead of the MCS with a maximum lateral extension of ~100 km. The feature lasted for over 90 mins and propagated at a speed of ~13 m/s, slightly faster than the MCS. In the simulation, the bore evolved from the separating “head” of the convectively generated gravity current. The bore then continued to propagate ahead of the MCS, even after the dissipation of the feeder current, and took on the appearance of an undular bore. The bore lifted a layer of convectively unstable air above the nocturnal surface inversion, initiating new convection ahead of the MCS to help maintain the MCS. The Scorer parameter ahead of the bore revealed a low‐level wind profile with curvature of the vertical profile of horizontal wind, favoring the trapping of wave energy and the persistence of the bore. These results are generally consistent with the role of bores in the maintenance of nocturnal MCSs and emphasize the need for future studies into the relationship between bores and nocturnal MCSs over China.

Keywords: atmospheric bore, nocturnal convection

Author: Shushi Zhang, David B. Parsons, Xin Xu, Yuan Wang, Jiufu Liu, Abuduwaili Abulikemu, Wenqiang Shen, Xidi Zhang, Shengxi Zhang
Journal: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres( IF:1 )   Time:2020-09-16
DOI:10.1029/2019JD032279    [Quote]
Link:     Article     PDF

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