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Repurposing a Smartwatch to Support Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Sensory and Operational Considerations

Abstract:

'Smartwatches may provide a natural, portable, and unobtrusive strategy by which to support directive-following for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A mentor can send visual supports (e.g., photographs, videos, text) “just-in-time” (JIT) to a learner’s smartwatch. This may reduce the need for extraneous face-to-face intervention within social and educational settings and thereby preserve the naturalness of interactions for individuals with ASD. In this article, the following questions are explored: (1) Will some children with ASD with limited functional speech tolerate wearing a smartwatch after receiving only spoken instructions? (2) Can children with ASD who did not initially tolerate wearing a smartwatch increase their tolerance for wearing a smartwatch after they view video models within a visual schedule? and (3) Will children with ASD who tolerate wearing a smartwatch attend to, and follow, scene cue text messages received on the watch? Results provide preliminary evidence for the feasibility of using a smartwatch with children with ASD. Limitations of this study are addressed and implications for future research are posited.'

Keywords: 'augmentative and alternative communication', 'autism spectrum disorder', 'directive-following', 'sensory tolerance', 'just-in-time', 'wearable technology'

Author: Amanda M. O’Brien, Ralf W. Schlosser, Christina Yu, Anna A. Allen, Howard C. Shane
Journal: Journal of Special Education Technology( IF:1 )   Time:2020-02-14
DOI:10.1177/0162643420904001    [Quote]
Link:     Article     PDF


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